Thursday, May 7, 2009
Last night I was thinking about uncontacted peoples which, for some reason, I devote a surprising amount of time to...from time to time. Like many others I have a dark fascination with isolation. The idea of existing without the 'world' is intoxicating. Clearly that term 'uncontacted' is used liberally, such as with the Sentinelese. The Sentinelese have been contacted quite a bit, they just want everyone else to stay the hell away. They seem quite in charge of the situation, however their agression makes them more alluring. Why do they like red buckets but not green? Why? I both want to know and want them to be left to their island.
I will probably spend a portion of my day playing around with Survival International's Uncontacted Tribes site. I actually lived about 50 steps from Survival International for several years and never stepped inside to say hello. It is funny how that happens. I was thinking a lot about the series of photos they released a little while back of an uncontacted group in the Peru/Brazil border area, where everyone looks so healthy and strong and together. I doubt the airplane even phased them. Apparently there was an earlier flyover and in the time between they put on paint and got their weapons out. Basically they were able to culturally explain the plane, they did the thing they do for whatever the plane was, and it did not come back again. Problem solved. Pats on the back all around. Hurrah. Cough.
Actually I think what draws me in to the idea of uncontacted or isolated people is what goes on around them. What they are part of, even if they do not know it. This whole spiral downward was triggered by a portion of the new Bolivian constitution:
Article 31.II. The indigenous original nations and peoples, in isolation and not contacted, enjoy the right to maintain this condition, through the legal definition and consolidation of the territory that they occupy and inhabit.
So first, these uncontacted and isolated people are under the jurisdiction of the country of Bolivia, a spacey concept that they know little or nothing about, and second this Bolivia has the athority to mandate the continuation of their current status as uncontacted. They can set up 'reserves', make laws, and create whole government agencies that the people will never know about provided that everyone involved does their job well. This mode of thinking inevitably has me thinking of these isolated people as some sort of endangered jungle mammal and yet I want them to be left alone. I'm torn between thinking "how great" and "how horrible."
On further reflection, which is always dangerous, I started to think about "citizenship" and what it supposidly offers. Bolivians, so says the constitution, are promised and required to engage in free public education. Healthcare is also promised and while indigenous medicine is fully recognized, the constitution promises the regulation and safe administration of it. Among other things, Bolivians are required to be familiar with the constitution and to this goal, there was an audio version of it released, and so on.
So think about it: the constitution provides certain things for all Bolivians and absolutly promises and requires things like education, HOWEVER uncontacted and isolated groups "enjoy the right to maintain" this status and thus will not get the constitutionally mandated things. Neither will they be able to do the things required of all Bolivian citizens like be familiar with the constitution. Basically they are a class of Bolivians goverend by the law and outside of it.
And how about the phrasing "enjoy the right to maintain" isolation. Yes I truely believe that we should all leave them alone to do their thing, but the wording implies a decision, that constitutionally they can choose to "maintain this condition" over the other options. But there is no choice involved, despite promises of universal education and healthcare, the decision has been made by someone else that the isolated peoples' condition SHALL be maintained for them.
Please let me emphasize again that I think uncontacted peoples should be left alone and that all illegal loggers and everyone involved in rainforrest oil should be sentanced to 50 years aboard a slow moving Greek island ferry, with no ticketed seat, surrounded by mean old ladies in support stockings and spoiled crying children. I am just squirming at the creation of a state in which these people are official citizens with official rights and requirements that in reality they do not have or know about. A constitutional right to isolation for people without a constitution and without the means to actively exercise or revoke that right. Decisions made for people who do exist by people who might as well not exist (to the isolated people at least).